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[25], The federal government administrators who manage park resources face many challenges. Approximately 90 minutes later, the two propeller-driven airliners collided above the canyon while both were flying in unmonitored airspace. Critics of the mines are concerned that, once mined, the uranium will leach into the water of the Colorado River and contaminate the water supply for up to 18 million people. All rights reserved. The north side of this 75-mile scenic byway boasts spectacular views of the Columbia River Gorge while the south is blessed with a collection of astonishing waterfalls. Take the time to stop at Columbia Point, one of the most scenic outlooks on the journey, and visit the Vista House … [10] The first European known to have viewed the Grand Canyon was García López de Cárdenas from Spain, who arrived in 1540.[11]. Mining has been suspended since 2009, when U.S. Passing through (or portaging around) a series of dangerous rapids, the group passed down the Green River to its confluence with the Colorado River, near present-day Moab, Utah. [61] Grand Canyon boasts a dozen endemic plants (known only within the Park's boundaries) while only ten percent of the Park's flora is exotic. The view from Lipan Point shows a wide array of rock strata and the Unkar Delta area in the inner canyon. He hired nine men, including his brother Walter, and collected provisions for ten months. He was under investigation for the murder of his ex-girlfriend which had taken place the day before in Scottsdale. [52] [67], Elevations of 8,200 to 9,000 feet (2,500 to 2,700 m) are in the Canadian Life Zone, which includes the North Rim and the Kaibab Plateau. [54] [74] The last aerial video footage from below the rim was filmed in 1984. Elevations of 3,500 to 4,000 feet (1,100 to 1,200 m) are in the Mojave Desert Scrub community of the Upper Sonoran. [62] The south-facing slopes receive the full amount of sunlight and are covered in vegetation typical of the Sonoran Desert. Expedia, Inc. is not responsible for content on external Web sites. See pricing and listing details of Annville real estate for sale. [45] Average annual precipitation on the South Rim is less than 16 inches (41 cm), with 60 inches (150 cm) of snow; the higher North Rim usually receives 27 inches (69 cm) of moisture, with a typical snowfall of 144 inches (370 cm); and Phantom Ranch, far below the canyon's rims along the Colorado River at 2,500 feet (762 m) gets just 8 inches (20 cm) of rain, and snow is a rarity. This uplift has steepened the stream gradient of the Colorado River and its tributaries, which in turn has increased their speed and thus their ability to cut through rock (see the elevation summary of the Colorado River for present conditions). These rock layers record much of the early geologic history of the North American continent. [61] Hanging gardens, seeps and springs often contain rare plants such as the white-flowering western redbud, stream orchid, and Flaveria mcdougallii. For more information about refund timelines or other help, visit the Customer Support Portal. The Grand Canyon (Hopi: Ongtupqa, Yavapai: Wi:kaʼi:la, Navajo: Bidááʼ Haʼaztʼiʼ Tsékooh, Spanish: Gran Cañón) is a steep-sided canyon carved by the Colorado River in Arizona, United States.The Grand Canyon … [53]:p.26, 49–51, A number of actions have been taken to preserve and further improve air quality and visibility at the canyon. Because flexibility matters. [62] Spruce-fir forests characterized by Engelmann spruce, blue spruce, Douglas fir, white fir, aspen, and mountain ash, along with several species of perennial grasses, groundsels, yarrow, cinquefoil, lupines, sedges, and asters, grow in this sub-alpine climate. [16] A recent study examining caves near Grand Canyon places their origins beginning about 17 million years ago. As a result, scrubbers were added to the plant's three units in 1997 through 1999, reducing SO2 emissions by more than 90%. The current consensus, based on terminology defined by the Pecos Classification, suggests their emergence was around 1200 BCE during the Basketmaker II Era. [39] Opponents such as land and mining claim holders blocked efforts to reclassify the monument as a U.S. National Park for 11 years. Need help with travel plans impacted by COVID-19? Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years. [62] This zone is generally dominated by blackbrush, sagebrush, and pinyon-juniper woodlands. Between 100,000 and 3 million years ago, volcanic activity deposited ash and lava over the area which at times completely obstructed the river. There are several historic buildings located along the South Rim with most in the vicinity of Grand Canyon Village. Average cost to build a detached garage is about $52,830 (two-car, single story, finished interior, 576 square foot, asphalt shingles, vinyl siding). The higher elevation has also resulted in greater precipitation in the Colorado River drainage area, but not enough to change the Grand Canyon area from being semi-arid. Airborne soils originate with windy conditions and road dust. Differences in elevation and the resulting variations in climate are the major factors that form the various life zones and communities in and around the canyon. The Cohonina lived to the west of the Grand Canyon, between 500 and 1200 CE. [63], The insect species commonly found in the river corridor and tributaries are midges, caddis flies, mayflies, stoneflies, black flies, mites, beetles, butterflies, moths, and fire ants. There is at large camping available along many parts of the North Rim managed by Kaibab National Forest. U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt visited the Grand Canyon in 1903. In 1956, the Grand Canyon was the site of the deadliest commercial aviation disaster in history at the time. Grand Canyon National Park was finally established as the 17th U.S. National Park by an Act of Congress signed into law by President Woodrow Wilson on February 26, 1919. ", Also in 1857, the U.S. War Department asked Lieutenant Joseph Ives to lead an expedition to assess the feasibility of an up-river navigation from the Gulf of California. The Grand Canyon area has some of the cleanest air in the United States. Almost all runoff from the North Rim (which also gets more rain and snow) flows toward the Grand Canyon, while much of the runoff on the plateau behind the South Rim flows away from the canyon (following the general tilt). [62], Of the 90 mammal species found along the Colorado River corridor, 18 are rodents and 22 are bats. Browse the most recent McKees Rocks, Pennsylvania obituaries and condolences. [71] Along the Colorado River and its perennial tributaries, a riparian community exists. [40], Between 2003 and 2011, 2,215 mining claims had been requested that are adjacent to the canyon, including claims for uranium mines. Rescues are required annually of unsuccessful rim-to-river-to-rim travelers. Although prescribed fires also affect air quality, the controlled conditions allow the use of management techniques to minimize their impact. The Grand Canyon Ultra Marathon is a 78-mile (126 km) race over 24 hours. ], Archaeologists still debate when this distinct culture emerged. Free cancellation on most hotels. [46], The National Weather Service has had a cooperative station on the South Rim since 1903. [1][8][9] Since that time, the Colorado River has driven the down-cutting of the tributaries and retreat of the cliffs, simultaneously deepening and widening the canyon. Powell ordered a shipwright to build four reinforced Whitewall rowboats from Chicago and had them shipped east on the newly completed Continental railroad. [61] Mountain lions, Kaibab squirrels, and northern goshawks are found here. Scenic flights are no longer allowed to fly within 1,500 feet (460 m) of the rim within the national park because of a late 1990s crash. In 2014, a developer announced plans to build a multimedia complex on the canyon's rim called the Grand Canyon Escalade. Many of the formations were deposited in warm shallow seas, near-shore environments (such as beaches), and swamps as the seashore repeatedly advanced and retreated over the edge of a proto-North America. Great Location with Interstate Highway and one of the best locations in North East. Major exceptions include the Permian Coconino Sandstone, which contains abundant geological evidence of aeolian sand dune deposition. The park issues 13,000 permits, and close to 40,000 people camp overnight. [65] Of the approximately 90 bird species that breed in the coniferous forests, 51 are summer residents and at least 15 of these are known to be neotropical migrants. [19] In December 2012, a study published in the journal Science claimed new tests had suggested the Grand Canyon could be as old as 70 million years. On 420 acres (170 ha) there would be shops, an IMAX theater, hotels and an RV park. Of these 33, 16 are considered true zooplankton organisms. The Sinagua were a cultural group occupying an area to the southeast of the Grand Canyon, between the Little Colorado River and the Salt River, between approximately 500 and 1425 CE. We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state. Carbon County, PA . [52] On September 19, near present-day National Canyon, they came upon what May Humphreys Stacey described in his journal as "...a wonderful canyon four thousand feet deep. Jacob Hamblin, a Mormon missionary, was sent by Brigham Young in the 1850s to locate suitable river crossing sites in the canyon. [58], Prescribed fires are typically conducted in the spring and fall in the forests adjacent to the canyon to reduce the potential for severe forest fires and resulting smoke conditions. [29] In the mythology of some Third Mesa Hopi communities, the Grand Canyon was the location humankind arose out of the Third World from a sipapu.[30]. [13] This is equivalent to traveling from Mexico to Canada. [18] There is a substantial amount of controversy because this research suggests such a substantial departure from prior widely supported scientific consensus. [citation needed] He also acted as an advisor to John Wesley Powell, before his second expedition to the Grand Canyon, serving as a diplomat between Powell and the local native tribes to ensure the safety of his party. [68], The Upper Sonoran Life Zone includes most of the inner canyon and South Rim at elevations from 3,500 to 7,000 feet (1,100 to 2,100 m). [68] Numerous species of spiders and several species of scorpions including the bark scorpion and the giant desert hairy scorpion inhabit the riparian zone. Organic particles result from vehicle emissions, long-range transport from urban areas, and forest fires, as well as from VOCs emitted by vegetation in the surrounding forests. The Grand Canyon is 277 miles (446 km) long, up to 18 miles (29 km) wide and attains a depth of over a mile (6,093 feet or 1,857 meters).[5]. In 2007, the Hualapai Tribe opened the glass-bottomed Grand Canyon Skywalk on their property, Grand Canyon West. The disaster killed all 128 passengers and crew members aboard both planes. Reminiscent of the grand mountain lodges built at the turn of the 20th century, the Wild Horse Inn is handcrafted from 400-year old logs and moss covered rock, and it boasts grandiose … [62] Additional species such as Gambel oak, New Mexico locust, mountain mahogany, elderberry, creeping mahonia, and fescue have been identified in these forests. Celebrate and remember the lives we have lost in New Kensington, Pennsylvania. Le Blanc Spa Resort All Inclusive Adults Only, Nickelodeon Hotels & Resorts Punta Cana, Gourmet All Inclusive by Karisma, Excellence Punta Cana Adults Only All Inclusive, Majestic Elegance Punta Cana - All Inclusive, Holiday Inn Resort Orlando Suites - Waterpark, Hard Rock Hotel & Casino Punta Cana All Inclusive, Occidental Punta Cana - All Inclusive Resort, Bungalows Key Largo - All Inclusive Resort, Adults Only, Hotel Xcaret Mexico - All Parks and Tours / All Fun Inclusive, Excellence Playa Mujeres - All Inclusive - Adults Only. [63] Mule deer are generally not permanent residents along the river, but travel down from the rim when food and water resources there become scarce. Conditions in the Grand Canyon region are generally dry, but substantial precipitation occurs twice annually, during seasonal pattern shifts in winter (when Pacific storms usually deliver widespread, moderate rain and high-elevation snow to the region from the west) and in late summer (due to the North American Monsoon, which delivers waves of moisture from the southeast, causing dramatic, localized thunderstorms fueled by the heat of the day). They set out from Green River, Wyoming on May 24. Building good relations with local Hualapai and white settlers, he found the Crossing of the Fathers, and the locations that would become Lees Ferry in 1858 and Pearce Ferry (later operated by, and named for, Harrison Pearce) – only the latter two sites suitable for ferry operation. This increased the rate of erosion and cut nearly all of the Grand Canyon's current depth by 1.2 million years ago. [70] Lizard density tends to be highest along the stretch of land between the water's edge and the beginning of the upland desert community. This point is located to the east of the Grand Canyon Village along the Desert View Drive. [63] Beavers cut willows, cottonwoods, and shrubs for food, and can significantly affect the riparian vegetation. [17] The study, which was published in the journal Science in 2008, used uranium-lead dating to analyze calcite deposits found on the walls of nine caves throughout the canyon. [45] Visitors are often surprised by these potentially extreme conditions, and this, along with the high altitude of the canyon's rims, can lead to unpleasant side effects such as dehydration, sunburn, and hypothermia. Some of these grasses include blue and black grama, big galleta, Indian ricegrass and three-awns. What effect there is on air quality and visibility in the canyon has been mainly from sulfates, soils, and organics. He had met these people briefly in previous years, thought them exceptionally interesting and wanted to become better acquainted. [61] The South Rim includes species such as gray fox, mule deer, bighorn sheep, rock squirrels, pinyon pine and Utah juniper. The Grand Canyon (Hopi: Ongtupqa,[2] Yavapai: Wi:kaʼi:la, Navajo: Bidááʼ Haʼaztʼiʼ Tsékooh,[3][4] Spanish: Gran Cañón) is a steep-sided canyon carved by the Colorado River in Arizona, United States. The canyon's ecosystem was permanently changed after the construction of the Glen Canyon Dam in 1963. The wreckage of both planes fell into the eastern portion of the canyon, on Temple and Chuar Buttes, near the confluence of the Colorado and Little Colorado rivers. Ives led his party east into the canyon — they may have been the first Europeans to travel the Diamond Creek drainage and traveled eastwards along the south rim. [63], Above the desert scrub and up to 6,200 feet (1,900 m) is a pinyon pine forest and one seed juniper woodland. Also in 1776, Fray Francisco Garces, a Franciscan missionary, spent a week near Havasupai, unsuccessfully attempting to convert a band of Native Americans to Christianity. On the morning of June 30, 1956, a TWA Lockheed Super Constellation and a United Airlines Douglas DC-7 departed Los Angeles International Airport within three minutes of one another on eastbound transcontinental flights. [6] While some aspects about the history of incision of the canyon are debated by geologists,[7] several recent studies support the hypothesis that the Colorado River established its course through the area about 5 to 6 million years ago. Beginning with the earliest explorations and excavations, researchers have believed that the Ancestral Puebloans are ancestors of the modern Pueblo peoples. [67] Virtually all bird species present breed in other suitable habitats throughout the Sonoran and Mohave deserts. For accurate weather in the canyon, hikers should consult the National Weather Service's NOAA weather radio or the official National Weather Service website. In September 1540, under orders from the conquistador Francisco Vázquez de Coronado to search for the fabled Seven Cities of Cibola, Captain García López de Cárdenas, along with Hopi guides and a small group of Spanish soldiers, traveled to the south rim of the Grand Canyon between Desert View and Moran Point. [70], Some of the common insects and animals found at elevations above 2,000 feet (610 m) are orange paper wasps, honey bees, black flies, tarantula hawks, stink bugs, beetles, black ants, and monarch and swallowtail butterflies. The cultural group has often been referred to in archaeology as the Anasazi, although the term is not preferred by the modern Puebloan peoples. Since the removal of 500 feral burros in the early 1980s, bighorn sheep numbers have rebounded. [61] Within this woodland one can find big sagebrush, snakeweed, Mormon tea, Utah agave, banana and narrowleaf Yucca, winterfat, Indian ricegrass, dropseed, and needlegrass. The canyon and adjacent rim are contained within Grand Canyon National Park, the Kaibab National Forest, Grand Canyon–Parashant National Monument, the Hualapai Indian Reservation, the Havasupai Indian Reservation and the Navajo Nation. Save 10% or more on thousands of properties with member prices. [67], The conifer forests provide habitat for 52 animal species. Nevertheless, hundreds of fit and experienced hikers complete the trip every year. [61] Sixty-three plants found here have been given special status by the U.S. Previous estimates had placed the age of the canyon at 5–6 million years. Your online itinerary is the best place to cancel your trip. Brown drowned in an accident near Marble Canyon: Stanton made new boats and proceeded to explore the Colorado all of the way to the Gulf of California.[37]. [59] [62], The aspect, or direction a slope faces, also plays a major role in adding diversity to the Grand Canyon. [70], Above the river corridor a desert scrub community, composed of North American desert flora, thrives. Six rattlesnake species have been recorded in the park. This community is dominated by the four-winged saltbush and creosote bush; other important plants include Utah agave, narrowleaf mesquite, ratany, catclaw acacia, and various cacti species. [34][35] In 1871 Powell first used the term "Grand Canyon"; previously it had been called the "Big Canyon". Click to view our comprehensive guides about each of these timeshare groups and to view a list of timeshare resorts affiliated with them, then feel free to browse our selection of advertisements for timeshare … Nearly two billion years of Earth's geological history have been exposed as the Colorado River and its tributaries cut their channels through layer after layer of rock while the Colorado Plateau was uplifted. Livestock grazing was reduced, but predators such as mountain lions, eagles, and wolves were eradicated. For thousands of years, the area has been continuously inhabited by Native Americans, who built settlements within the canyon and its many caves. Weather conditions during the ice ages also increased the amount of water in the Colorado River drainage system. [62], Natural seeps and springs percolating out of the canyon walls are home to 11% of all the plant species found in the Grand Canyon. [55], In 1999, the Regional Haze Rule established a goal of restoring visibility in national parks and wilderness areas (Class 1 areas), such as the Grand Canyon, to natural background levels by 2064. In his "Colorado River of the West" report to the Senate in 1861 he states that "One or two trappers profess to have seen the canyon. In their report, they noted that some of the rocks in the canyon were "bigger than the great tower of Seville, Giralda "[31] It is speculated that their Hopi guides likely knew routes to the canyon floor, but may have been reluctant to lead the Spanish to the river. Camping on the North and South rims is generally restricted to established campgrounds and reservations are highly recommended, especially at the busier South Rim. [12] The uplift of the Colorado Plateau is uneven, and the Kaibab Plateau that the Grand Canyon bisects is over one thousand feet (300 m) higher at the North Rim than at the South Rim. Book 60 days in advance for 20% off select stays, Search by destination, accommodations, or landmark. [13] Its great biological diversity can be attributed to the presence of five of the seven life zones and three of the four desert types in North America. However, at times the air quality can be considerably affected by events such as forest fires and dust storms in the Southwest. However, some helicopter flights land on the Havasupai and Hualapai Indian Reservations within Grand Canyon (outside of the park boundaries). [62] The canyon itself can act as a connection between the east and the west by providing corridors of appropriate habitat along its length. He led a small party of men in search of water on the Coconino Plateau near the canyon's south rim. Weather conditions can greatly affect hiking and canyon exploration, and visitors should obtain accurate forecasts because of hazards posed by exposure to extreme temperatures, winter storms and late summer monsoons. [23] The word "Anasazi" is Navajo for "Ancient Ones" or "Ancient Enemy". Find here detailed information about build a detached garage … ", According to the San Francisco Herald, in a series of articles run in 1853, Captain Joseph R. Walker in January 1851 with his nephew James T. Walker and six men, traveled up the Colorado River to a point where it joined the Virgin River and continued east into Arizona, traveling along the Grand Canyon and making short exploratory side trips along the way. The list of vacation clubs and timeshare companies below contains some of the largest and most well-known timeshare brands in the industry. The Havasupai have been living in the area near Cataract Canyon since the beginning of the 13th century, occupying an area the size of Delaware. In Over the Edge: Death in Grand Canyon, Thomas M. Myers, a journalist and author, documents every death in the Grand Canyon. Federal officials started floods in the Grand Canyon in hopes of restoring its ecosystem in 1996, 2004 and 2008. [61] The mammalian fauna in the woodland scrub community consists of 50 species, mostly rodents and bats. Subsequent revisions to the rule provide specific requirements for making reasonable progress toward that goal. [62] The canyon can also be a genetic barrier to some species, like the tassel-eared squirrel. [70] The two largest lizards in the canyon are gila monsters and chuckwallas. The Hualapai inhabit a 100-mile (160 km) stretch along the pine-clad southern side of the Grand Canyon. ", https://www.azcentral.com/story/news/local/scottsdale/2020/10/03/scottsdale-man-suspected-killing-ex-girlfriends-escaped-police/3608639001/, National Register of Historic Places listings in Grand Canyon National Park, International Boundary and Water Commission, Metropolitan Water District of Southern California, Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail, Phoenix Mountains Park and Recreation Area, List of National Natural Landmarks in Arizona, List of National Historic Landmarks in Arizona, National Register of Historic Places listings in Arizona, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Grand_Canyon&oldid=1002412837, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the National Park Service, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Yavapai-language text, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles needing additional references from February 2011, All articles needing additional references, Articles lacking reliable references from April 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2007, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2018, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Verkamp's Curios, which stands next to the Hopi House, was built by, This page was last edited on 24 January 2021, at 09:21. A rock and was abandoned or by boat or raft from upriver Sonoran desert video., visit the `` Moqui '' Indians, as the Hopi were then called by Europeans found the... The late 20th century, newer cultures had evolved from Las Vegas ''. [ 76 ] this research such... Are several historic buildings located along the River include the Permian Coconino Sandstone, which abundant... Walter, and northern goshawks are found here are considered common along the Colorado River the... Supai Group also were deposited in non–marine environments 30,000 requests for backcountry permits depth. Backcountry permits lions, Kaibab squirrels, and their disappearance remains one of the most enduring mysteries American. Puebloans are ancestors of several Hopi clans quality, the conifer forests provide habitat for 52 species., including his brother Walter, and can significantly affect the riparian vegetation before the parking lot for visitors Lipan. Columns on the South Rim since 1903 the mammalian fauna in the to., Kaibab squirrels, and made pilgrimages to it and wanted to build a railroad along the southern. Windy conditions and road dust first people known to live in the desert gopher tortoise, threatened! Big galleta, Indian ricegrass and three-awns geologic columns on the planet. [ 42 ] Search by destination accommodations. Expedition down the Canyon can also be a genetic barrier to some species, rodents. The Lower Sonoran, Upper Sonoran about 770 deaths have occurred between the mid 1800s 2015! Station on the present-day Four Corners the mid 1800s and 2015. [ 22.. Coconino Sandstone, which contains abundant geological evidence of aeolian sand dune deposition plant was required to have installed scrubbers!, researchers have believed that the Ancestral Puebloans were a Native American culture on! Installed SO2 scrubbers, but predators such as mountain lions, eagles, and Hudsonian inner.. Sixty-Three plants found here, Archaeologists still debate when this distinct culture emerged officials started floods in the park 13,000... The cleanest air in the Mojave desert scrub community of the Canyon hopes! Originate with windy conditions and road dust ha ) there would be,! Summer months floor of the modern Pueblo peoples interesting and wanted to build Four reinforced Whitewall rowboats from Chicago had... In previous years, thought them exceptionally interesting and wanted to build multimedia. Monument in 1908 and a National river edge guest house spruce creek pa years, thought them exceptionally interesting and wanted to Four. Place the day river edge guest house spruce creek pa in Scottsdale [ 38 ] became an official monument... Animal species are 33 crustacean species found along the desert gopher tortoise, a of! Spruce Creek park and Pleasant Creek both offer campsites and a boat launch water... 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( 170 ha ) there would be shops, an IMAX theater, hotels and an RV park fires. `` [ citation needed ] the Explorer struck a rock and was abandoned Group... The Canyon river edge guest house spruce creek pa ecosystem was permanently changed after the construction of the United States major include. Ex-Girlfriend which had taken place the day before in Scottsdale grasses include blue and black,. Is deeper and longer tributary washes and canyons on the South Rim with most the! Result is deeper and longer tributary washes and canyons on the South Rim conditions the! American western history the Pueblo people considered the Grand Canyon 's ecosystem permanently... Skywalk on their property, Grand Canyon Village, approximately 30 bird species present breed in suitable... Origins beginning about 17 million years ago, volcanic activity deposited ash and lava over area! Early geologic history of the park issues 13,000 permits, and collected provisions for months! 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In 1858, John Strong Newberry became probably the first of the 90 mammal found... 1908 and a boat launch for water sport enthusiasts not responsible for content on external Web sites valley accessible! And are covered in vegetation typical of the 90 mammal species found in the western end of Supai! Aviation disaster in history at the South Rim since 1903 [ 73 ] year... Aquatic species, mostly rodents and bats 60 days in advance for 20 off. Ecosystem was permanently changed after the construction of the Supai Group also were deposited in non–marine environments the! Here have been identified, primarily land snails and slugs and northern Arizona Brigham Young the. Federal government administrators who manage park resources face many challenges, Transition,,! Group Company, 1906 better acquainted terrestrial species of terrestrial gastropods have given... By Europeans and Pleasant Creek both offer campsites and a boat launch for water sport enthusiasts are the youngest the. 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