environmental science terms

A wheelie bin used in some local authorities to collect organic waste such as food and light garden waste (for example grass cuttings). See waste prevention. This type of radiation is less risky to health because it contains less energy, but it can still be harmful at high levels for a long time. Preserving or protecting animals and resources such as minerals, water and plants through planned action (such as breeding endangered species) or non-action (such as not letting taps run unnecessarily). If a person is exposed to carbon monoxide over a period, it can cause illness and even death. To use an item more than once for the same purpose, which helps save money, time, energy and resources. Ecology. This bundle includes 27 crossword puzzles with all the vocabulary students will need for the APES exam. Non-ionising radiation includes visible light, radio waves and microwaves. An international treaty joined by 192 countries that has the goal of preventing ‘dangerous’ human interference with the climate system and sets general rules for tackling climate change. Environmental science, interdisciplinary academic field that draws on ecology, geology, meteorology, biology, chemistry, engineering, and physics to study environmental problems and human impacts on the environment. Gravity. As things such as climate change and global warming are major concerns effecting people today, environmental scientists use their research to look for ways to inhibit the continuation of these problems, and, in turn, creating a sustainable future for the earth. The thin protective layer of gas 10 to 50km above the Earth that acts as a filter for ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun. 1. extinct oxygen in the form of molecules with three atoms, created by exposure of oxygen to electrical discharge or ultraviolet radiation, having a sharp smell, and being an effective oxidant for use in bleaching and sterilizing. Because of this, it covers numerous different fields of science, including biology, chemistry, and the Earth sciences. : to ail: The huge trees had been ailing for years before they were cut down. A tiny parasite that can infect people if it is present in drinking water. Liquid wastes from communities, which may be a mixture of domestic effluent from homes and liquid waste from industry. Benefits of a property, such as nearby playgrounds, swimming pools, community centres or parks. A rich soil-like material produced from decayed plants and other organic matter, such as food and animal waste, that decomposes (breaks down) naturally. Gases such as carbon dioxide and methane, which tend to trap heat radiating from the Earth’s surface, so causing warming in the lower atmosphere. Definition . A rating given to electrical appliances such as ovens, washing machines, dishwashers and refrigerators according to how much energy they use. Term. See also sustainable tourism. The National Adult Literacy Agency(NALA) has developed an A – Z guide containing over 100 explanations of common environmental terms. These devices must be disposed of carefully to avoid damage to the environment. These gases absorb radiation emitted naturally from the ground, so slowing down the loss of energy from Earth. Synonyms for environmental science include conservation, bioecology, bionomics, ecology, environmentalism, hexicology, mesology, oecology, environmental biology and environmental protection. Small-scale tourism in fragile and protected areas that aims to have a low impact on the environment, benefit local communities and enable tourists to learn more about the natural and cultural history of the place. In this guide, material such as foam or glass wool that is used in homes and other buildings to prevent heat loss, reduce noise and improve comfort. A general term for any chemicals that are used to kill weeds, fungi, insects or other pests. A rule made by a local authority to govern activities within the area it controls. It is removed from the atmosphere by photosynthesis in plants and by dissolving in water, especially on the surface of oceans. A community of organisms that depend on each other and the environment they inhabit. The payment usually funds projects that generate energy from renewable sources such as wind or flowing water. A measure of the level of pollution in the air. ... Additional Environmental Studies Flashcards . Air pollution occurs when harmful chemicals and particles are emitted to the air – due to human activity or natural forces – at a concentration that interferes with human health or welfare or that harms the environment in other ways. Environmental Science Terms. Short for ‘compact fluorescent lamp’ bulbs, which are light bulbs that use a fraction of the energy of traditional filament bulbs and last up to five times longer. The gradual increase in temperature of the Earth’s surface caused by human activities that cause high levels of carbon dioxide and other gases to be released into the air. In a span of just a few decades, advances and new environmental applications of science, engineering, and their associated technologies have coalesced into a whole new way to see the world. Decks in this Class (23): Chapter 1 Science And Sustainability. (eds) 2000. A situation that arises when the amount of carbon dioxide released into the air equals the amount of carbon dioxide removed from the air, for example by planting trees, or the amount saved by using renewable energy sources to produce the same amount of energy. Development using land or energy sources in a way that meets the needs of people today without reducing the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Examples include bye-laws covering waste disposal, traffic or public events or signs. See also wind turbine. Sharing a car to a destination to reduce fuel use, pollution and travel costs. Reducing the degree of intensity of , or eliminating, pollution. The waste is first sorted mechanically into materials that can and cannot be recycled. The process of deliberately allowing food, garden and other suitable organic wastes to break down naturally over time to produce compost. See also global warming, and UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. Environmental science is an interdisciplinary academic field that integrates physical, biological and information sciences (including ecology, biology, physics, chemistry, plant science, zoology, mineralogy, oceanography, limnology, soil science, geology and physical geography, and atmospheric science) to the study of the environment, and the solution of environmental problems. It is titled 'From Air Quality to Zero Emissions'  and the EPA has obtained permission from NALA to publish this information which is outlined below. Policies, rules or actions by a local authority designed to reduce traffic speed or limit the amount of traffic in an area at certain times of day. A wheelie bin used in certain local authorities to collect waste that cannot be recycled or composted. Some gases have a strong smell, for example sulphur dioxide and methane, while others, such as carbon monoxide, do not have any smell at all. Waste that poses a risk to human health or the environment and needs to be handled and disposed of carefully. A natural or man-made site that has outstanding universal value and meets at least one of 10 conditions decided by UNESCO, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation. In the context of the atmosphere, gases or particles released into the air that can contribute to global warming or poor air quality. Browse the list of 3.8k Environmental abbreviations with their meanings and definitions. It might be a source of water for springs and wells and then used for drinking water. A system run by the Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland (SEI) to provide grants to homeowners who intend to install in their existing homes a new renewable energy heating system, for example heat  pumps, solar panels or wood chip or pellet boilers. Environment Vocabulary Quiz Directions: Match the vocabulary words on the left with the definitions on the right. The major greenhouse gases that cause climate change are carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (NO2). By matching where people work more closely to where they live, the strategy aims to improve people’s quality of life and sense of community, enhance local investment and create a better environment. A unit of carbon dioxide bought to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Energy harnessed from the wind at wind farms and converted to power. 103. A measure of the amount of carbon dioxide you produce through your lifestyle every day, for example through driving or using electrical appliances and lighting. Ratings are on a scale from A to G, with A-rated appliances using the least energy and G-rated needing the most. Radon has no smell, taste or colour and can seep into homes, building up to dangerous levels if there is not enough ventilation. Ecosystem. Noises that disturb the environment and people’s ability to enjoy it, for example continually sounding house alarms, loud music, air conditioning or other electrical units and aircraft or motor engines. The harmful release of oil into the environment, usually through water, which is very difficult to clean up and often kills birds, fish and other wildlife. Fees paid to local authorities for providing services such as collecting domestic waste. (Source: US EPA), A corrosive solution with a Ph of less than 7 (Source: US EPA). Examples include oil-based paints, car batteries, weed killers, bleach and waste electrical and electronic devices. Subject. For more information, see the Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland or lo-call 1850 927 000. Over the years, there have been many opinions on how to manage public lands. Level. The plants and animals that are native to a particular area or period of time. Fixed fees that must be paid for a certain period, often a year, to continue receiving a service. In the context of waste, certificates or other documents granted by local authorities to private companies to collect and manage waste or to operate waste management facilities such as recycling centres. A public plan that sets out the development objectives and policies of a local authority for its area. : atmosphere: The Earth's atmosphere is a thin layer of gases that surrounds the Earth. Actions to save fuels, for example better building design, changing production processes, developing better transport policies, using better road vehicles and using insulation and double glazing in homes. Most modern and efficient incinerator generate heat and energy from burning waste. Water in its gas form – instead of liquid or solid (ice). Examples include standing charges for bin collections or gas supply. See also ecosystem, habitat and organism. A highly poisonous, odourless, tasteless and colourless gas that is formed when carbon material burns without enough oxygen. Carbon neutral. High UV levels can lead to skin cancer and cataracts and affect the growth of plants. See also renewable energy. A voluntary international label that identifies appliances that meet certain standards of energy efficiency. See also ecotourism. The allowance is only valid for the purpose of the Directive and can only be transferred in accordance with the Directive. An aspect of waste management that involves reducing the amount of waste we produce and minimising the potential harm to human health or the environment from packaging or ingredients in products. Environmental science provides an integrated, quantitative, and interdisciplinary approach to the study of environmental systems. Forecast of emissions into the future taking into account current and future economic and policy developments. A vehicle such as a car or small van that is scrapped and sent for recycling. A measure of the impact our activities have on the environment, especially climate change, often reported as the units of tonnes (or kg) of carbon dioxide each of us produces over a given period of time. In the context of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, it is the change in climate caused by higher levels of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere due to human activities as well as natural climate changes. See also recycling centre and civic amenity site. A form of energy that is transmitted in waves, rays or particles from a natural source, such as the sun and the ground, or an artificial source, such as an x-ray machine. : 053-916 0600Email:info@epa.ieOther EPA locations, Contact us | Disclaimer | Privacy policy | Terms of use | Accessibility statement | Glossary of terms | A-Z Glossary of Environmental Terms (NALA) | Change viewing preferences | Freedom of Information Publication Scheme | Gaeilge, A-Z Glossary of Environmental Terms (NALA), Freedom of Information Publication Scheme. A resource that can be used again and again without reducing its supply because it is constantly topped up, for example wind or sun rays. Find more similar words at wordhippo.com! Total Cards. A public or private facility that accepts recyclable and non-recyclable materials such as garden and household waste and certain hazardous wastes such as paints, batteries and electrical and electronic devices. Disposing of waste illegally by not using bins or official recycling centres, civic amenity sites or landfills. The portion of Earth and its atmosphere that can support life (Source: US EPA). Overall, environmental science is the field of science that studies the interactions of the physical, chemical, and biological components of the environment and … It includes a website, www.change.ie, which has carbon calculators that can calculate the carbon foootprint of individuals, businesses and local authorities. Material from plants or animals that can be used to create compost because it will decompose naturally over time. List of definitions of terms and concepts commonly used in environmental science, Levine, J. An international agreement signed in Japan in 1997, attached to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. Journal of Industrial Ecology (since 1997), International Society for Industrial Ecology (since 2001), Progress in Industrial Ecology (since 2004), Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, neighbourhood environment improvement plan, prescribed waste and prescribed industrial waste, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, http://www.waterfootprint.org/?page=files/Concept, Environmental Terminology Discovery Service — EEA, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Glossary_of_environmental_science&oldid=998438805, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 11:06. The pattern is affected by the amount of rain or snowfall, average temperatures throughout the year, humidity, wind speeds and so on. The scheme trains and offers grants to community organisations to carry out work such as attic insulation, draught proofing, installing lagging jackets and so on. To break waste items down into their raw materials, which are then used to re-make the original item or make new items. For more information on how to check radon levels see our radiation section. These tables provide the word or phrase in the left column and an example of how to use the term(s) in the righthand column to provide context. Amazon.com. See also composting. meaning. Highly toxic chemicals that can be formed in small amounts from forest fires or volcanoes but more often are produced unintentionally from industrial activities and from incinerating waste and burning fossil fuels. Governance in a globalizing world. Environmental science is an interdisciplinary science. See more. The management of waste collection, handling, processing, storage and transport from where it is produced to where it is finally disposed. A colourless gas that is naturally produced from animals and people in exhaled air and the decay of plants. Two of the major points of view include conservation and preservation of the environment. Ireland has a temperate climate, in which it doesn’t get too hot or too cold. & Donohue, J. the study of natural processes in the environment and how humans can affect them List of most popular Environmental terms updated in January 2021 Environmental science is the study of interactions among physical, chemical, and biological components of the environment. Fuels – such as coal, gas, peat and oil – that are formed in the ground over a long time from dead plants and animals and are used up once they are burned for energy. Waste that is thrown away carelessly, mainly made up of plastic, metal, glass, paper or food. : to affect: This area was affected by the flood. Social as well as scientific in focus, it provides comprehensive coverage of the social aspect of environmental science (including treaties, organisations, and agencies relating to the environment) and ecology, as well as biographies of key figures in the field. Tap card to see definition . Ionising radiation includes ultraviolet rays, radon gas and X-rays. A wheelie bin used in certain local authorities to collect dry cardboard, paper, tins and other recyclable waste, including certain plastics. Water that is collected on the ground or in a stream, river, lake, wetland or ocean. The greenhouse effect has always existed; without it, Earth would be too cold for plants, animals and people to survive. Plants and animals that are grown or reared without the use of synthetic fertilisers, pesticides or hormones. A unit, equal to one ton of carbon dioxide, that individuals, companies or governments buy to reduce short-term and long-term emissions of greenhouse gases. In this guide, matter from living, or once-living, things. The reduction of trees in a wood or forest due to natural forces or human activity such as burning or logging. A strong knowledge of vocabulary is one of the most important factors for success on the AP Environmental Science test. Carbon monoxide is toxic when inhaled because it combines with your blood and prevents oxygen from getting to your organs. A common radioactive gas emitted from ordinary soils and rock. And between organisms and between organisms and between organisms and between organisms between. Air and the environment re-make the original item or make new items ( produced by plants, or... Material from plants or animals that are used to protect the environment or.! Was affected by the environmental Protection Agency ( NALA ) has developed an a – Z guide containing over explanations! Pollen and soil particles for recycling harmful gases directly into the air can. 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